Know all About Interior Paint
Paints are broadly categorised into exterior and interior paint. We use paint to protect our house against wear and tear, as well as to make it aesthetically appealing to our eyes.
Interior paint is used on wall, metal and wood. Paint the ceiling, walls, doors, windows, window grills, floor, furniture, cabinets, trims and other such things in your house.
Paint is made up of three main components:
1. Pigment and Fillers
They are tiny particles which impart the desired colour. Pigments can be classified as either natural or synthetic.Fillers are a special type of pigment that serves to thicken the paint film, support it and increase its volume.
2. Binder or Resin
When mixed with pigment causes it to adhere to the surface. It is the film-forming component of the paint and can be natural or synthetic. The binder strongly influences properties such as gloss, durability, flexibility, and toughness.
3. Solvent or Diluents
It’s used to dissolve the binder and to give the paint its required consistency. It does not become part of the paint film but controls flow and application properties. There are some paints that don’t have any diluents.
Interior paint has lesser resin and pigments than exterior paints. There are two types of paint available in the market: water-based and oil-based.
1. Water-based Paints (latex or acrylic)
They use water as the binder. Majority of wall paints sold today are water-based. People prefer them over oil-based paints because they emit less odour, are low on VOCs (volatile organic compounds), don’t contain harmful chemicals, and are much safe.
They are easy to clean and have quick drying time. They are durable and don’t crack or peel off.
2. Oil-based Paints (solvent or alkyd paint)
They use drying oil as binder; the most common is linseed oil. Solvents such as mineral spirit, turpentine, acetone and many others are used as paint thinner.
They are mostly used on floor, wood and metal, and are sometimes used on walls to give it a glossier finish. They offer a hard coating and are extremely durable.
But, they have several disadvantages on their side like they take long hours to get dry. They are high on VOCs that have toxic impact on the environment.
Interior paints once dried produce a thin covering or film which has different degrees of sheen. Based on the sheen or finish, paints are categorised into: flat, matte, eggshell, satin, semi-gloss, and high-gloss. It’s quite confusing to hear so many names. Therefore, we have tried to simplify them for you.
They are the most widely used interior paint (take a look at the wall in the above image). Matte paint offers a velvety finish and makes the colour look rich and deep. They are not reflective, hence is best for hiding the imperfections of your wall and ceiling. This type of paint finish is latex based which makes it hard to clean.
As the name suggests it has a finish similar to that of an eggshell (take a look at the wall in the above image). They have a very low sheen and are apt for interior walls. They are more durable and easier to clean than matte finish paint. Use them to paint your kitchen and bathroom walls.
They are a bit glossy than eggshell paints (take a look at the wall in the above image). They have a smooth, velvety look and are mostly used on windows, doors, trim, and ceiling. Satin finish is a bit reflective and can easily bring out the imperfections in your wall. They are recommended for use in high traffic area like hallway, kid’s room, kitchen and bathroom.
They have a nice, soft reflective sheen and offer a hard finish (take a look at the floor in the above image). They are highly durable and stand up to multiple cleanings. Paint your floor, doors, trims, mouldings, window grills, and cabinets using this.
They are the most reflective of them all (take a look at the floor in the above image). It’s mainly used on wooden and metal surfaces. Semi-gloss and high-gloss paints are not for walls, but you can choose to create a statement wall with them.
Texture Paint – The latest addition to interior paint list is the texture paint. It is used to create desired texture and pattern by use of brush, roller, knives, trowels, towel, sponge, paper, comb, spatula and other similar tools.
Texture paint has become one of the latest trends in home decor. Create a focal point or give a glamorous look to you room by using texture paint on one wall. The most popular texture paint colours are gold, silver and copper. You can also use stencils to create beautiful designs.
NOTE: Sheen options vary by manufacturer.